Electroencephalogram (EEG) – A test that can detect and record the brain’s electrical activity. An understanding of the common root words will help us make educated guesses about the meaning of new words and substantially strengthen our vocabulary. Circulatory system – Pertaining to circulation of blood through the heart and blood vessels. Fatty acids (fats) – Substances that occur in several forms in foods; different fatty acids have different effects on lipid profiles. Antiarrhythmics – Medicines used to treat patients who have irregular heart rhythms. Bypass – Surgery that can improve blood flow to the heart (or other organs and tissues) by providing a new route, or “bypass” around a section of clogged or diseased artery. See more. aortic septal defect. Restenosis– The re-closing or re-narrowing of an artery after an interventional procedure such as angioplasty or stent placement. We recorded reference values for these and other possible aortic root measurements by cardiovascular magnetic resonance. work. Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) – An occasional rapid heart rate (150-250 beats per minute) that is caused by events triggered in areas above the heart’s lower chambers (the ventricles). mm Hg – An abbreviation for millimeters of mercury. ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by interfering with the breakdown of a protein-like substance involved in blood pressure regulation. Also called an introducer sheath. Cardiosclerosis: Overgrowth of fibrous connective tissue in the walls of the heart. Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium. infarct. When pericarditis occurs, the amount of fluid between the two layers of the pericardium increases. Used in angioplasty or valvuloplasty. They provide blood to the heart muscle. All Rights Reserved, Center for Preclinical Surgical & Interventional Research, Center for Women’s Heart & Vascular Health, Electrophysiology Clinical Research & Innovations. Notice that several word roots have the same definition. Holter monitor – A portable device for recording heartbeats over a period of 24 hours or more. Cerebrovascular occlusion – The blocking or closing of a blood vessel in the brain. Cardioplegia: Refers to paralysis of heart done intentionally for the cardiac surgery. Also called transradial access, the transradial approach, or transradial angioplasty. Above knee, below knee, or partial foot are all varieties. Angioma: Tumors made up of small blood vessels. Phlebofibrosis: Fibrous thickening of the walls of the veins. Study the common base words, roots, and affixes in the charts below. The milder form of the 2 types of heart attack, an NSTEMI does not produce an ST-segment elevation on an electrocardiogram. Cardiovascular starts with c and ends in r. Article with 8 consonants, 6 vowels. Bundle branch block – A condition in which parts of the heart’s conduction system are defective and unable to conduct the electrical signal normally, causing an irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia). Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) – A disorder that causes an increased heart rate when a person stands upright. Atrium – Either one of the heart’s two upper chambers. CARDIOVASCULAR Meaning: "pertaining to both the heart and the blood vessels," 1870, from cardio- + vascular. Computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) – An x-ray technique that uses a computer to create cross-sectional images of the body. See also supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Atrioventricular block – An interruption or disturbance of the electrical signal between the heart’s upper two chambers (the atria) and lower two chambers (the ventricles). Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Root Words. Embolus – Also called embolism; a blood clot that forms in a blood vessel in one part of the body and travels to another part. It is often related to the depressed cardiac output associated with end-stage heart failure, but it can also occur with severe coronary artery disease. The heart chamber involved can’t contract all at once and pumps blood ineffectively, if at all. If you are unsure of the spelling of a word, check a dictionary. Aort/o. Thromboangitis: Inflammatory condition that affects the small and medium sized arteries and veins of the extremities. Pericardiocentesis – A diagnostic procedure that uses a needle to withdraw fluid from the sac or membrane surrounding the heart (pericardium). Cardiovascular Common Words/Terms For Medical Transcriptionists. Pancreatitis – Swelling (inflammation) of the pancreas. Ejection fraction – A measurement of the rate at which blood is pumped out of a filled ventricle. Translate Cardiovascular. > Root words – Cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular definition, of, relating to, or affecting the heart and blood vessels. Cardiac amyloidosis – A disorder caused by deposits of an abnormal protein (amyloid) in the heart tissue, which make it hard for the heart to work properly. It occurs when the heart muscle is relaxed between beats. 14 letters, and 6 syllables. Your heart is cardio; Your veins and arteries are vas or vasc; The system of heart and blood vessels is sometimes called the cardiovascular system ; Here are more roots for your heart and blood vessels. Clots can also form inside an artery when the artery’s walls are damaged by atherosclerotic buildup, possibly causing a heart attack or stroke. It usually applies when a person is 30% or more over ideal body weight. Angi(o) OR vaso – vessel. aneurysm. Arteriosclerosis: Hardening and thickening of the walls of the arteries. Ischemia – Decreased blood flow to an organ, usually due to constriction or obstruction of an artery. asystole. Amputation - Surgical removal of a limb or portion of a limb. If you want to test your knowledge about some of the standard terms you will come across when it comes to the study of the lymphatic and cardiovascular system, you should go through the … This website is intended for use by medical professionals. Coronary artery bypass surgery is an example of a revascularization procedure. Loading word forms. Lipoprotein – A lipid surrounded by a protein; the protein makes the lipid soluble (can be dissolved) in the blood. Myocardial ischemia – Occurs when a part of the heart muscle does not receive enough oxygen. Platelets – One of the three types of cells found in blood; they aid in the clotting of blood. Match. angioplasty Learn faster with spaced repetition. Cyanotic heart disease – A birth defect of the heart that causes oxygen-poor (blue) blood to circulate to the body without first passing through the lungs. The node is a group of specialized cells in the top of the right atrium which produces the electrical impulses that travel down to eventually reach the ventricular muscle, causing the heart to contract. Cardiologist – A doctor who specializes in the study of the heart and its function in health and disease. Thallium-201 stress test – An x-ray study that follows the path of radioactive potassium carried by the blood into heart muscle. For example, the word bronchogenic can be broken into the following word elements with, for the sake of ease in pronunciation, a vowel (usually "o") linking the word … Low density lipoprotein (LDL) – The body’s primary cholesterol-carrying molecule. Stem cells – Special cells in the body that are able to transform into other cells. A catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin and threaded to the heart. Hormones – Chemicals released into the bloodstream that control different functions in the body, including metabolism, growth, sexual development, and responses to stress or illness. Coronary thrombosis – Formation of a clot in one of the arteries carrying blood to the heart muscle. Phleboliths: Tiny calcifications located within a vein. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. blood vessel. May also simply be called heart disease. Blood supply to some part of the brain is slowed or stopped, resulting in injury to brain tissue. Also called a total artificial heart (TAH). Internal mammary artery – A durable artery in the chest wall often used as a bypass graft in coronary artery bypass surgery. To make up for this, the ventricles use their own “backup” pacemaker with its slower rate. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Congenital heart defects – Malformation of the heart or of its major blood vessels present at birth. embol/o. Prevalence – The total number of cases of a given disease that exist in a population at a specific time. Symptoms include prolonged, intensive chest pain and a decrease in blood pressure that often causes shock. Vertigo – A feeling of dizziness or spinning. Also called MUGA (multiple gated acquisition scan) or nuclear ventriculography. A miniature echo device on the tip of a catheter is used to generate images inside the heart and blood vessels. Negative inotropes: Any medicine that decreases the strength of the heart’s contraction and the blood pressure in the vessels. Thyroid – A gland located in the front of the neck, just below the voice box. No Comment. Cardiovascular definition, of, relating to, or affecting the heart and blood vessels. Dissecting aneurysm – A condition in which the layers of an artery separate or are torn, causing blood to flow between the layers. Your cardiovascular system is made up of the heart, blood vessels and blood. Too much homocysteine in the blood may promote the buildup of fatty plaque in the arteries. The affected tissue dies, injuring the heart. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) – See angioplasty. (o) – combining vowel. Blalock-Taussig procedure – A shunt between the subclavian and pulmonary arteries used to increase the supply of oxygen-rich blood in “blue babies” (see below). Coronary artery anomaly (CAA) – A congenital defect in one or more of the coronary arteries of the heart. Angiotensin II receptor blocker – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by blocking the action of angiotensin II, a chemical in the body that causes the blood vessels to tighten (constrict). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Myocarditis – A rare condition in which the heart muscle becomes inflamed as a result of infection, toxic drug poisoning, or diseases like rheumatic fever, diphtheria, or tuberculosis. The choice of which agent to use depends greatly on the patient's cholesterol profile, cardiovascular, liver and kidney function. Rheumatic fever – A disease, usually occurring in childhood, that may follow a streptococcal infection. Patent ductus arteriosus – A congenital defect in which the opening between the aorta and the pulmonary artery does not close after birth. I99.9 Unspecified disorder of circulatory system. Regurgitation – Backward flow of blood through a defective heart valve. Septal defect – A hole in the wall of the heart separating the atria or in the wall of the heart separating the ventricles. All information is for educational purposes only. Find other words to use instead of cardiovascular, and more. Cardioversion – A technique of applying an electrical shock to the chest to convert an abnormal heartbeat to a normal rhythm. How to use cardiovascular in a sentence. An RVAD does not replace the heart—it “assists” or “helps” it pump oxygen-poor blood from the right ventricle to the lungs. Terms in this set (21) angi, angio, hemangi, hemangio. Revascularization – A procedure to restore blood flow to the tissues. (Common misspelling: homocystine) Statins are designed to lower LDL, the 'bad cholesterol' most strongly linked to vascular disease. Hypoxia – Less than normal content of oxygen in the organs and tissues of the body. Body mass index (BMI) – A number that indicates an increased risk of cardiovascular disease from a person being overweight. I77.9 Disorder of arteries and arterioles, unspecified. See more. Done by grafting either a piece of vein from the leg or a piece of the artery from under the breastbone. Cardiac cachexia – A term for the muscle and weight loss caused by severe heart disease. Too much iron in the pancreas can lead to diabetes. Atherectomy – A nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries with a rotating device that cuts or shaves away material that is blocking or narrowing an artery. Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) – A test in which several electronic sensors are placed on the body to monitor electrical activity associated with the heartbeat. Autoregulation – When blood flow to an organ stays the same although pressure in the artery that delivers blood to that organ may have changed. Cardiopulmonary bypass – The process by which a machine is used to do the work of the heart and lungs so the heart can be stopped during surgery. Also called TAVR (Transcatheter aortic valve replacement). Enlarged heart – A state in which the heart is larger than normal because of heredity, long-term heavy exercise, or diseases and disorders such as obesity, high blood pressure, and coronary artery disease. Cerebrovascular accident – Also called cerebral vascular accident, apoplexy, or stroke. Arteriopathy: Any diseases of the arteries. Arteriosclerosis – A disease process, commonly called “hardening of the arteries”, which includes a variety of conditions that cause artery walls to thicken and lose elasticity. Doppler ultrasound – A technology that uses sound waves to assess blood flow within the heart and blood vessels and to identify leaking valves. See more. Sinus (SA) node – The “natural” pacemaker of the heart. Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root. A resting heart rate is normally 60 to 100 beats a minute. List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes 1 List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology. Coronary occlusion – An obstruction of one of the coronary arteries that hinders blood flow to the heart muscle. High density lipoprotein (HDL) – A component of cholesterol, HDL helps protect against heart disease by promoting cholesterol breakdown and removal from the blood; hence, its nickname “good cholesterol.”. Pulmonary embolism – A condition in which a blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body travels to the lungs. It is a system that never rests. Example. Base words sometimes change spelling when combined with other word parts. Cardiac output – The amount of blood the heart pumps through the circulatory system in one minute. And veins that distribute oxygen-rich blood to keep the artery to bulge outward –! 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