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current issues in the middle east 2020

The next step toward an all-out war in the Middle East happened late Thursday. The domestic scene has been punctuated by the contradiction of reform and repression. We rely on readers like you to uphold a free press. International efforts to check the proliferation of weapons will slow, not stop, their spread. The London administration was quite ineffective, in part, due to the contradictory promises which were made to the Arabs, to the Zionists and to France, the other colonial power which divided … The Middle East and Central Asia (MCD) region has reacted to the global COVID-19 pandemic with swift and stringent measures that have saved lives. As for their respective policies towards the occupied territories, differences between left and right are even harder to find. Watch out for the rise of the neo-fascist League in Italy in 2020, and the strong possibility it could form a government. Only England And Wales jurisdiction apply in all legal matters. Of course, the custom of whitewashing Israeli apartheid and lethal brutality vis-a-vis Palestinians is nothing new. See all volumes and issues Volume 12, 2020 Vol 11, 2019 Vol 10, 2018 Vol 9, 2017 Vol 8, 2016 Vol 7, 2015 Vol 6, 2014 Vol 5, 2013 Vol 4, 2012 Vol 3, 2011 Vol 2, 2010 Vol 1, 2009 Login or register to access this feature The severity of the crisis at its most intense point has also become more apparent as data has become available, including second-quarter GDP for some countries. April 28, 2020. One was the defeat in the British election of Jeremy Corbyn - a European leader with a unique record of solidarity with Palestinians. They have based their criminalisation of opposition to Israeli racism and colonialism on the new definition of antisemitism that the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) adopted in 2016, which includes in its definition opposition to Israeli policies. Military action in the Gulf is unpredictable, and Trump fancies his chances of turning impeachment into an electoral asset and getting re-elected. The decision of the International Criminal Court in the Hague to investigate war crimes committed by Israel could be an important step in that direction. Thu 30 Jan 2020 08.04 EST 15.00 EST Iraqi soldiers hold up a captured Isis flag at a village near Mosul in 2016. Thus, the role of international actors clearly becomes even more crucial for leveraging the kind of change that Israeli citizens themselves cannot and will not bring about. If only the year 2020 would enable people to see Israel for the criminal enterprise that it is, that would be a “game changer” indeed. : Who Governs the US? Of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, three were in the Middle East: the Great Pyramids of Giza (Egypt), the Hanging Gardens of Babylon (Iraq), and the Great Lighthouse of Alexandria (Egypt). They can point to their love of Israel, emulating its brand of Jewish nationalism, as they whip up a wave of white nationalist, anti-immigrant fervour at home. The talks themselves, however, are in their infancy, and both Bahrain and the UAE are against any change to the status quo. The risk of further conflagration is a major reason why the United States must remain engaged even as geopolitics and growth potential argue for a greater focus on Asia, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere. Another core question: will the pressure to strike independent trade deals following Brexit cause Prime Minister Boris Johnson to mute criticism of immoral foreign leaders, such as Narendra Modi in India and Xi Jinping in China, as they pursue genocidal policies against their Muslim populations? © Middle East Eye 2021 - all rights reserved. By clicking “I agree” below, you consent to the use by us and our third-party partners of cookies and data gathered from your use of our platforms. Escalation might also have effects on energy markets … Hundreds in Tarhouna Reported Missing From 2014 to 2020. https://study.com/academy/lesson/contemporary-issues-in-the-middle-east.html Gibbons-Neff, Thomas and Eric Schmitt. The first one is attempting the reaffirmation of Pax Americana, the second one openly challenging it. What about the Middle East? Please enable cookies on your web browser in order to continue. Apart from whatever government Israel may end up with, 2020 symbolises the ultimate shattering of the illusion of an alternative to the Jewish Israeli stance of superiority that has been the essence of Jewish Israeli politics across the entire political spectrum. See our, Read a limited number of articles each month, You consent to the use of cookies and tracking by us and third parties to provide you with personalized ads, Unlimited access to washingtonpost.com on any device, Unlimited access to all Washington Post apps, No on-site advertising or third-party ad tracking. Alert; RSS Feeds. Israel exploited western passivity to entrench and expand the occupation, and to intensify racist legislation inside Israel. So in 2020, Israeli citizens will be forced once again to choose between two war criminals - and as far as Palestinians are concerned, the differences between the two are mainly semantic: one engages openly in wild incitement against them; while the other is prepared to sit with them at the table to discuss nothing more than crumbs of civil rights stripped of any collective or comprehensive dimension. Tools. Stay on top of Middle East latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. And three Middle Eastern countries—Iraq, the UAE, and Iran—are also among the largest suppliers. (Illustration by Mohamad Elaasar), 2010-2019: The Middle East's decade of revolution. There are more such curbs on the horizon. The Washington Post, Jan. 10, 2020. This means that he will limp into the November election as a wounded candidate. 2020 outlook: Where is the Middle East heading? The crown prince has let down his own people, regional powers and the international community. Regionally, Saudi oil fields suffered two attacks that crippled production, and an aborted reconciliation with Gulf neighbour Qatar stumbled before it even started. That so many Jews and gentiles today across the world, especially within the BDS movement and movements such as Jewish Voice for Peace, insist that Jews should not be defined as Zionists, let alone as colonists, has effectively challenged the new antisemitic strategy of implicating all Jews in Israel’s colonial policies. The Gulf is on a hair-trigger, but my betting is still against war on Iran in 2020. The U.S. military launched a drone strike at the Baghdad airport. I say England and Wales because undoubtedly now, if given the chance, a majority of Scots would choose to leave the union first set up in 1707. Volume 27, Issue 2 ... Spring 2020. The year 2019 will be remembered for the largest and most enduring anti-government protests in Iraq’s modern history. Will common sense break out, before vast tracts of the Middle East look like Syria? This would of course be contingent on substantive policy changes regarding Palestinian citizens of Israel and the oppressive occupation of the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem. That means exiting the EU on World Trade Organisation terms. These factions have parasitically channelled state resources to their patronage networks and militias, and their survival depends on perpetuating the system of power apportionment that distributes these resources among them, while diffusing responsibility for the government’s failures and dysfunctionality. View the latest Middle East news from Israel, Iran, Iraq, Syria and other Middle Eastern countries on CNN.com. Advanced weapons, including perhaps nuclear weapons, probably will be more widespread in the Middle East in 2020 than now. Pages: 1-206. Political … In 2020, US political institutions will be tested as never before, and … Trump has been weakened by his impeachment in the House of Representatives, but it appears unlikely the Senate will convict him and remove him from office. In an end-of-year article headlined “Israeli migraine-busting device saluted as 2020 ‘game changer’”, the Times of Israel enthused: “After its product was selected earlier this year as one of Time magazine’s 100 best inventions for 2019, Israeli startup Theranica, the developer of a medical device for the treatment of acute migraine, has been chosen by New York data company CB Insights as one of next year’s 36 startup ‘game changers’.” According to the New York firm, Netanya-based Theranica is one of an exclusive group of “high-momentum companies pioneering new ways to solve big problems” in 2020. Meanwhile, pressures are mounting on the union. On these three fronts, the crown prince proved successful only in undermining the kingdom’s credibility, and tarnishing its reputation beyond repair. The New York Times, Jan. 5, 2020. Though there will be little chance for improvement regarding Israel-Palestine, a Democratic president could ease tensions with Iran considerably. Wars (1,000–9,999 combat-related deaths in current or past year) The 14 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year. If success is measured by achievements, Saudi Arabia under the leadership of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman sunk deeper into trouble on many fronts over the past year. The second was a new executive order issued by US President Donald Trump that embraced a controversial new definition of antisemitism. Both camps are contending the leadership in the region. But not only was the Israeli left, insofar as it exists at all, unable to present a real alternative to the status quo, the man heading the opposition to the rightist bloc, Benny Gantz, did not even sit down with the Joint List representatives for an authentic, candid discussion of some sort of cooperation. Middle East Institute, Nov. 22, 2019. As we all know, the number 2020 is associated with perfect vision. With several countries in the region beginning reopening in past weeks, and a recent uptick in activity, rising infection numbers may pose risks. The next steps taken by the elite, beginning with the selection of a new prime minister, will determine the trajectory of events in 2020. That said, the region is so unstable, it would not take much to trigger a third Gulf war. During the last year, and with the rising tide of the global movement opposing Israeli racist and colonial policies towards Palestinians, Israel and its western allies have sought to criminalise all opposition to Israeli colonialism as nothing but "antisemitism". They will exert their influence from outside - which is increasing anyway - and affect the balance of power between these two camps in a pragmatic way, on a case-by-case approach. In such an established geopolitical framework, three additional elements should be considered. In the months since our last Economy Watch in June, the Middle East region is on the path to economic recovery as lockdowns have eased and activity has begun to recover. Of course, we still have huge hurdles to overcome. In 2020, the street protests, more than those in power, could affect events in the Middle East. Secondly, there are the ongoing protests in several Arab capitals, mainly, but not only, Beirut and Baghdad. The Middle East Journal is the oldest peer-reviewed publication dedicated solely to the study of the Middle East. The target was Qassem Soleimani, a powerful Iranian commander of the Revolutionary Guard. This and US President Donald Trump’s re-election will continue to have profound impacts on the Middle East. Not only did their limited, Israel-centric version of peace fail, but it achieved the opposite of its proclaimed goal. Jews have fought since the 19th century against antisemitism, which targeted them as a group, and have refused to accept the antisemitic claims that they are a race. He had suffered four years of media abuse, recasting his activism as evidence of antisemitism. It’s also the birthplace of three major religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. You also agree to our Terms of Service. The military balance has recently swung in General Khalifa Haftar’s favour with the arrival of hundreds of Russian mercenaries. Times Insider Three News Hubs, 24-Hour Coverage: The Times’s Global Relay. But every attempt to delegitimise BDS has been legally challenged, and defeated, by civil rights and Palestine advocacy organisations such as the American Civil Liberties Union, Palestine Legal and the Center for Constitutional Rights. It remains to be seen whether, and how, the protests will be able to alter the balances in the region - and, in particular, Iranian influence. The year ended with two terrible setbacks for those seeking justice for the Palestinian people. Two political constituencies are behind these laws and resolutions - and neither is concerned about protecting Jews. The popular mood in Arab, American and Iranian streets will be one of the key, unpredictable, wild variables. Jan. 1, 2020 at 11:00 a.m. UTC It doesn’t take a crystal ball to see that 2020 will be tumultuous in the Middle East. The more placatory stance of the Joint List's chairman, Ayman Odeh, could have been a good point of departure to at least consider the possibility of a leftist government supported externally by Arab parties (guaranteeing support in the event of a vote of no confidence). Globally, bin Salman is yet to salvage his reputation as a reliable leader after a failed five-year military adventure in Yemen and the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in late 2018, both of which tamped enthusiasm for his project to draw international investors and float the oil company Aramco in global markets. The civil war in Libya could easily descend into house-to-house fighting in Tripoli, unless both Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin come to an Astana-like deal. One faction includes western centrist parties that were supposed to have overseen a quarter of a century of peacemaking in the Middle East. So, while we certainly still have major battles ahead, our solid record shows we will be victorious. Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by … Middle East The region known as the Middle East has been conquered and reconquered by every super power in the West. ROME, Sep 25 (IPS) - The creation of a Palestinian State remains a pipe-dreamAfter the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of WWI, The League of Nations mandated that Britain administer Palestine. The Middle East Policy Council is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to contribute to American understanding of the political, economic and cultural issues that affect U.S. interests in the Middle East… MEE writers give their take on some of the themes likely to dominate the region in the year ahead, Will common sense break out in 2020, or will more of the Middle East follow the path of Syria? The left could have jumped at this chance to offer voters a real political alternative to occupation and apartheid. Possibly the most significant BDS victory of the year is the fact that US politicians are broaching the topic of conditioning aid to Israel - that is, discussing sanctions. The new IHRA definition might be construed as an attempt to make all Jews worldwide responsible for Israeli and Zionist colonial crimes against the Palestinian people, and in so doing, to make it impossible for anyone to oppose these crimes under threat of being charged with antisemitism. The recent legal measures across Europe and the US to implicate all Jews in Israeli crimes are the clearest evidence of the failure of the IHRA strategy to be effective on its own without legal repression. This week, while all eyes have been on the Democratic National Convention taking place via Zoom, truly historic events have occurred in the Middle East: a long-awaited peace deal between Leading Democratic contender Joe Biden has not been known to stake out a clear policy towards the region. The game-changer today is the ability of a large number of Iraqis to mobilise and coordinate protest actions without the effective involvement or manipulation of any organised political group. In 2020, Israeli citizens will be forced once again to choose between two war criminals - and as far as Palestinians are concerned, the differences between the two are mainly semantic. The region is so unstable, it would not take much to trigger a third Gulf war. The Gaza Strip, for example, is no stranger to Israeli-induced casualty counts in the thousands. Current Leader: Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei / President Hassan Rouhani. 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